Ascendant (the first house of horoscope), in Sanskrit and Hindi, is called ‘Lagna’ (लग्न). Sanskrit is an amazing language and our ancestors who created works in Sanskrit chose the best words for referring to anything. Lagna is one such word having several meanings including but not limited to ‘attachment’, ‘tied to’, ‘point of intersection’, ‘the one who has begun to’, etc. Marathi speaking people use Sanskrit words very beautifully. In Marathi, the word ‘Lagna’ is used to refer to marriage.
Ascendant or Lagna is the start. It is the very first house of the horoscope. The life of a native begins from the ascendant. His actions in this life begin from here. Ascendant denotes childhood. Ascendant tells us about the circumstances that a person might have faced at the time of birth. Ascendant is for overall health of the person.
Ascendant talks about basics. Ascendant signifies overall character of the person; therefore one may say that ascendant in the horoscope tells us about the ahankara (अहङ्कार, roughly translated as ego) of the person. How much does one have and which side is it inclined to.
Ahankara (also written as Ahamkara) is there in each one of us who follow one of the three Gunas (गुण), i.e. Sat, Tama, or Rajas. We may call it the nature of the person which tells us about his/her basic character and lifestyle. Each planet denotes one of the three Gunas which influence a person to do what he does.
For example Jupiter or Sun in the ascendant (not badly afflicted) will make a person inclined towards Sattva which would make him devotional, helping others, maintaining good hygiene, live a disciplined life etc.
Our actions are generally based on our interests (which is nothing but our ego). In cases where we are not interested, a conflict arises. This conflict travels with us throughout our lives. Some people are lucky enough to discover that they are in the wrong place while the others remain in the state of confusion and continue to struggle.
I have a friend who has Saturn and Rahu in the ascendant in Leo, and Sun in the fourth house. He has been struggling with his career for more than 15 years now and has had several health issues during this period. This person is one of the most determined people I have ever seen and very courageous but not finding success anywhere in life.
His mother told me that the kind of decisions he makes he seems to be his own enemy. He tried in politics as well and has contacts with powerful people but doesn't have good friends. Most of his friends I know are interested in activities related to Tamoguna.
In the horoscope if the lord of ascendant or ascendant (first house of horoscope) is weak or badly afflicted, then the native is surrounded by several issues in life and goes through health problems again and again. If lord of ascendant is in sixth, eighth or twelfth house of horoscope, surrounded by malefic planets, or in the house of a malefic planet then the place where such person stays is also inferior.
Health (whether mental or physical) plays crucial role in deciding how much success would one be able to attain in life. The concentration of a person suffering from pain will most likely not be towards goal but towards the pain. He would want to get rid of that pain first. Ascendant lets the astrologers know how healthy a person would be in general.
There are several prayers in Hinduism where the devotees can be found asking God for good health so that they could devote their lives in the service of the almighty. In one of the very common prayers, we ask God that may we see and hear what is auspicious and be prayerful throughout our lives with steady minds.
Planets will keep influencing the life of a person until he is influenced by one of the three Gunas. That is why the enlightened people advised to let the things happen and stop putting efforts.
Ascendant in horoscope is about the basics. Unless the ascendant lord and ascendant are strong in a horoscope the success of the person may not be long lived.
Author - Archit
लाभस्तेषां जयस्तेषां कुतस्तेषां पराजयः
येषामिन्दीवरश्यामो हृदयस्थो जनार्दनः I
ज्योतिष सदा से ही मेरा प्रिय विषय रहा है. अपने अभी तक के जीवन में मुझे इस क्षेत्र से जुड़े बहुत से लोगों के विचार जानने का अवसर मिला. सौभाग्यवश ऐसे भी कई लोगों से मिला जिन्हें इस क्षेत्र में विश्वास ही नहीं था. फ्यूचरपॉइंट संस्था (दिल्ली) से भी बहुत कुछ सीखा और अपने पिताजी से तो अभी भी यदा कदा सीखते ही रहता हूँ. ज्योतिष अच्छा तो बहुत है परंतु इसमें भ्रांतियां भी उतनी ही फैली हुई हैं जिस कारण कभी कभी बड़ा दुःख होता है. नौकरी के चलते ज्योतिष में समय देना थोड़ा कठिन हो जाता है अतः ईश्वर की प्रेरणा से अपने विचारों को प्रकट करने के लिए और इनसे किसी का कुछ भी भला हो सके इसी हेतु लेख लिखा करता हूँ.